A Chinese radical (Chinese:部首; pinyin:bùshǒu; literally: "section header") is a graphical component of a Chinese character under which the character is traditionally listed in a Chinese dictionary. This component is often a semantic indicator (that is, an indicator of the meaning of the character), though in some cases the original semantic connection has become obscure, owing to changes in character meaning over time. In other cases, the radical may be a phonetic component or even an artificially extracted portion of the character.
The English term "radical" is based on an analogy between the structure of characters and inflection of words in European languages.
Radicals are also sometimes called "classifiers", but this name is more commonly applied to grammatical classifiers (measure words).
In the earliest Chinese dictionaries, such as the Erya (3rd century BC), characters were grouped together in broad semantic categories.
Because the vast majority of characters are phono-semantic compounds, combining a semantic component with a phonetic component, each semantic component tended to recur within a particular section of the dictionary.
In the 2nd century AD, the Han dynasty scholar Xu Shen organized his etymological dictionary Shuowen Jiezi by selecting 540 recurring graphic elements he called bù (部 , "categories").
Most were common semantic components, but they also included shared graphic elements such as a dot or horizontal stroke. Some were even artificially extracted groups of strokes, termed "glyphs" by Serruys (1984, p.657), which never had an independent existence other than being listed in Shuowen. Each character was listed under only one element, which is then referred to as the radical for that character. For example, characters containing 女 nǚ "female" or 木 mù "tree, wood" are often grouped together in the sections for those radicals.
Matt Martians, Frank Ocean and Syd tha Kyd, are the only musical members of Odd Future, who didn't appear on the mixtape. However, Sydney was involved in the recording and mastering process and contributes brief vocals on the track "Swag Me Out".
In spirit they were more radical than conservative. No compromise with Social Security administrators and central bankers! Death to Keynesian fiscal policy! ... The descendants of Jefferson’s yeoman farmers, with their desire for independence, became sturdy car-company executives and investment bankers yearning to breathe free of big government.
I recently read of the woes of Credit Suisse, the Swiss banking behemoth with a planetwide presence, which recently received a devastating one-two punch ... We bankers are no different than anybody else ... bankers. And then there was the direct investment concept, a radical reworking of those old Victorian-age thrift rules ... … ... ... Bankers’ Hours column ... ..
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While Bitcoin as peer-to-peer electronic cash was specifically designed to evade banks and bankers and bypass the need for these middlemen to exist at all, a stablecoin at its core does not pose the same explicit existential threat ...Central bankers of all stripes now agree that stablecoins will radically alter the payments landscape ... the STABLE Act.
The expectation for more government aid under the Biden administration — which has proposed a massive US$1.9 trillion rescue package — would give the central bankers hope for a more solid rebound and improved hiring, Aaronson said ... That is a radical shift from the past, when central bankers would raise rates early to head off inflation. .
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Earlier this week Chancellor Rishiunak told bankers and traders to prepare for what he named 'Big... While the Chancellor's plans have so far been light on detail, former banker Lord Jitesh Gadhia says there are three areas where there could be radical change for the City of London.
A new way to pay is causing existential angst among Swedish bankers who worry ...The country’s central bank, the Riksbank, wants making payments in e-krona to be “as easy as sending a text”, but bankers in Stockholm say this would radically change the dynamic of the banking system.
The Riksbank wants making payments in e-krona to be “as easy as sending a text”, but bankers in Stockholm say this would radically change the dynamic of the banking system ...Rickard Eriksson, an advisor for the Swedish Bankers Association is concerned that the Riksbank has not made it clear what it will do with the money it collects.
With 22 years' experience in investor relations, Miri Segal is certain the recent success stories of company executives able to secure investments remotely, due to the COVID-19 disruption of the flight market, spells a radical change.
The difference now, however, is that the debt numbers are so large that the government is obliged to consider big, radical, long-term solutions. Here’s one such idea, from Michael Johnson, a former banker and actuary, in a paper for the Social Market Foundation thinktank. introduce a capital gains tax on primary residences ... It starts with fairness ... .