A Chinese radical (Chinese:部首; pinyin:bùshǒu; literally: "section header") is a graphical component of a Chinese character under which the character is traditionally listed in a Chinese dictionary. This component is often a semantic indicator (that is, an indicator of the meaning of the character), though in some cases the original semantic connection has become obscure, owing to changes in character meaning over time. In other cases, the radical may be a phonetic component or even an artificially extracted portion of the character.
The English term "radical" is based on an analogy between the structure of characters and inflection of words in European languages.
Radicals are also sometimes called "classifiers", but this name is more commonly applied to grammatical classifiers (measure words).
In the earliest Chinese dictionaries, such as the Erya (3rd century BC), characters were grouped together in broad semantic categories.
Because the vast majority of characters are phono-semantic compounds, combining a semantic component with a phonetic component, each semantic component tended to recur within a particular section of the dictionary.
In the 2nd century AD, the Han dynasty scholar Xu Shen organized his etymological dictionary Shuowen Jiezi by selecting 540 recurring graphic elements he called bù (部 , "categories").
Most were common semantic components, but they also included shared graphic elements such as a dot or horizontal stroke. Some were even artificially extracted groups of strokes, termed "glyphs" by Serruys (1984, p.657), which never had an independent existence other than being listed in Shuowen. Each character was listed under only one element, which is then referred to as the radical for that character. For example, characters containing 女 nǚ "female" or 木 mù "tree, wood" are often grouped together in the sections for those radicals.
Matt Martians, Frank Ocean and Syd tha Kyd, are the only musical members of Odd Future, who didn't appear on the mixtape. However, Sydney was involved in the recording and mastering process and contributes brief vocals on the track "Swag Me Out".
But the lenders will wait for either a capital increase by its main shareholders - UK-based Vodafone Group and local investor Aditya Birla Group - or a debt-to-equity conversion by the government before granting the debt-laden operator more funding, the sources told ...
The company needs the funds to remain in business ... According to its latest earnings enclosure, the carrier had total gross debt of $26.6 billion at end-September ... A feasibility study shared by VodafoneIdea with its bankers suggested the business might need a radical restructuring in order to survive, several of the sources said ... Our Standards ... ....
Detroit - America is mostly a big engine country ...It’s their mainstay and banker and as any good marketing person will tell you when something is that popular and you want to introduce a radical change, give it the same trusted name, don’t fiddle with it too much, and take it to market. Which is what Ford did with the F150Lightning ... IOLMotoring .
Bankers have complained that regulators take too long to vet these senior appointments ... More radical reform of ring-fencing and banker accountability is possible given there are no international norms to diverge from ... These included scrapping a cap on banker bonuses and easing capital rules for insurers.
The result was tight ... During his first presidential term he often had lunch with Brazil’s top bankers and dinner with leaders of unions and the radical left Landless Movement. His deputy president this time is Geraldo Alckmin, who was his opponent during the 2006 election ... This is not the left in the radical Che Guevara or Castro tradition ... .
“An ongoing radical swing of the pendulum on policy is something that in any country is unhelpful.” ... One concern among bankers are ... Kwarteng’s initial push for more radical measures, such as scrapping an EU-derived cap on banker bonuses – have survived the political tumult for now.
"An ongoing radical swing of the pendulum on policy is something that in any country is unhelpful." ... Kwarteng's initial push for more radical measures, such as scrapping an EU-derived cap on banker bonuses - have survived the political tumult for now.
Darling...Beautiful, guileless aristocrat LindaRadlett falls disastrously in love with a rich banker and then a broke radical before finding happiness with an urbane Frenchman ... By contrast, the radical reimagining of Christian, Linda’s second husband, as a superficially charming literary narcissist is gratuitous, but immensely entertaining ... .
Hunt set out $36 billion of savings in response to a backlash against Truss’s plan, which spooked investors and pushed up borrowing costs ... in London ... 31 ... No ... One measure which survived the latest reversal was Truss’s decision to lift the cap on bankers’ bonuses. But her energy support program has been radically curtailed ... Hunt’s statement included. ... .
Why do I still have a job? ... Even then, predictions of robot dominance were not quite panning out, but the pandemic and its aftermath ought to radically shift our thinking. Now, as central bankers around the world are rushing to cool labor markets and tame inflation, a few economic and technological truths have become evident ... better together ... .
Even then, predictions of robot dominance were not quite panning out, but the pandemic and its aftermath ought to radically shift our thinking. Now, as central bankers around the world are rushing to cool labor markets and tame inflation — a lot of policymakers are hoping that ...
Guggenheim—and his son, Peter Lawson-Johnston II, if radical change was in the air? What about the investment banker Paul Cronson, whose appointment coincided with one MarySharp Cronson becoming a trustee emeritus? (She is his mother.) The museum needed to show it was taking action.
“we are sticking to the growth plan” ... But the pair chose to throw in more costly and contentious measures, including scrapping the 45p top rate and uncapping bankers’ bonuses. In total, it was the biggest tax-cutting package for 50 years, and came on top of the radical energy price guarantee ... ‘The UK seems to have imploded’ ... Read more ... 03.29 ... .
Her main goal is not to scare off the EU with excessively radical proposals and many things she has been saying against the EU — she was calling the EU an organization of bankers and a threat to the national sovereignty of Italy — we do not hear any of these [now] ... Jen Kirby So it may not be as radical a change, even if the symbolism is jarring.