A Chinese radical (Chinese:部首; pinyin:bùshǒu; literally: "section header") is a graphical component of a Chinese character under which the character is traditionally listed in a Chinese dictionary. This component is often a semantic indicator (that is, an indicator of the meaning of the character), though in some cases the original semantic connection has become obscure, owing to changes in character meaning over time. In other cases, the radical may be a phonetic component or even an artificially extracted portion of the character.
The English term "radical" is based on an analogy between the structure of characters and inflection of words in European languages.
Radicals are also sometimes called "classifiers", but this name is more commonly applied to grammatical classifiers (measure words).
In the earliest Chinese dictionaries, such as the Erya (3rd century BC), characters were grouped together in broad semantic categories.
Because the vast majority of characters are phono-semantic compounds, combining a semantic component with a phonetic component, each semantic component tended to recur within a particular section of the dictionary.
In the 2nd century AD, the Han dynasty scholar Xu Shen organized his etymological dictionary Shuowen Jiezi by selecting 540 recurring graphic elements he called bù (部 , "categories").
Most were common semantic components, but they also included shared graphic elements such as a dot or horizontal stroke. Some were even artificially extracted groups of strokes, termed "glyphs" by Serruys (1984, p.657), which never had an independent existence other than being listed in Shuowen. Each character was listed under only one element, which is then referred to as the radical for that character. For example, characters containing 女 nǚ "female" or 木 mù "tree, wood" are often grouped together in the sections for those radicals.
Matt Martians, Frank Ocean and Syd tha Kyd, are the only musical members of Odd Future, who didn't appear on the mixtape. However, Sydney was involved in the recording and mastering process and contributes brief vocals on the track "Swag Me Out".
While Bitcoin as peer-to-peer electronic cash was specifically designed to evade banks and bankers and bypass the need for these middlemen to exist at all, a stablecoin at its core does not pose the same explicit existential threat ...Central bankers of all stripes now agree that stablecoins will radically alter the payments landscape ... the STABLE Act.
The expectation for more government aid under the Biden administration — which has proposed a massive US$1.9 trillion rescue package — would give the central bankers hope for a more solid rebound and improved hiring, Aaronson said ... That is a radical shift from the past, when central bankers would raise rates early to head off inflation. .
AFP... The expectation for more government aid under the Biden administration―which has proposed a massive $1.9-trillion rescue package―will give the central bankers hope for a more solid rebound and improved hiring, Aaronson said ... That is a radical shift from the past, when central bankers would raise rates early to head off inflation ... .
Earlier this week Chancellor Rishiunak told bankers and traders to prepare for what he named 'Big... While the Chancellor's plans have so far been light on detail, former banker Lord Jitesh Gadhia says there are three areas where there could be radical change for the City of London.
A new way to pay is causing existential angst among Swedish bankers who worry ...The country’s central bank, the Riksbank, wants making payments in e-krona to be “as easy as sending a text”, but bankers in Stockholm say this would radically change the dynamic of the banking system.
The Riksbank wants making payments in e-krona to be “as easy as sending a text”, but bankers in Stockholm say this would radically change the dynamic of the banking system ...Rickard Eriksson, an advisor for the Swedish Bankers Association is concerned that the Riksbank has not made it clear what it will do with the money it collects.
With 22 years' experience in investor relations, Miri Segal is certain the recent success stories of company executives able to secure investments remotely, due to the COVID-19 disruption of the flight market, spells a radical change.
He is a successful banker who is well-respected enough in Congress that he was appointed to a five-member committee – actually four at the moment – overseeing $500 billion in taxpayer-financed coronavirus-related loans ...The Hill campaign will paint Elliott as a radical leftist. She is a liberal, but she’s not radical ... He is a successful banker.
"I was told that if I didn't leave the territory of Belarus voluntarily I would still be taken out, either alive or in pieces," Maria Kalesnikava said in a statement Thursday, relayed via her lawyer and published on the website of ex-banker Viktar Babaryka, who is also in jail.
It’s hardly a novel tactic to hint at radical new departures and then impress people with how wise you are not to opt for risky new ventures at all, or to pursue only a drastically slimmed-down version of them ...Saskatchewan’s Allan Blakeney always said it was never a good idea to let the bankers get you by the short hairs.
CLEVELAND, Ohio – The safe thing for Liza Grossman would have been to stay at the Contemporary Youth Orchestra, the group she founded and brought to renown. Playing it safe, though, has never been Grossman’s way ...Unexpected though it is, Grossman’s evolution from the CYO isn’t a radical shift. She’s not becoming a firefighter or banker ... Disclaimer ... .
Advising the present professionals who are still in business to quickly brace up for the new normal as more radical changes are expected going into the future, the banker reminded professionals across sectors that technology has caused some business that did not predict the future to fizzle out.